Studienreihe Bd 22 Abstract
In Austria, due to a lack of available data, there has been a lack of well-founded empirical evidence on health problem situations within the labour force and the effectiveness of labour market policy measures for persons with health restrictions up to now. The present study contributes to the closure of this gap. Based on the pilot linking of individual insurance and labour market service (AMS) data with professional trajectories, as well as data on sick leaves and the use of health care services from the Upper Austrian health insurance organization (OÖGKK), Upper Austria serves as an example for studying the prevalence of health issues on the labour market, assessing the number of persons in the labour force with health restrictions and more closely investigating their situations in terms of disease background and employment. Furthermore, the study examines the application and effectiveness of active labour market policies for unemployed persons with health constraints. Compared to the employed, unemployed job-seekers are far more frequently affected by labour-market-relevant health problems, in particular musculoskeletal disorders and mental illness. Frequently, several diagnoses contribute to a labour-market-relevant health burden, and multiple disease diagnoses are more the rule than the exception.
All of the evaluated measures stimulate the labour force participation of the participants: they are less likely to withdraw from the labour force completely as a result of taking part. Not support of active job-seeking and orientation measures, but skills training (courses provided by external educational providers and benefits to cover course costs), employment measures and support through external labour market policy advisory and support facilities (BBE) result in a significant increase in unsubsidised dependent employment, even if in part with a considerable delay. Persons with mental illness benefit from an above-average strong, positive effect of subsidised employment in the second labour market.