Sozialpolitische Studienreihe

Studienreihe Bd 21 Abstract

The theoretical guiding principles have been defined for this study in the following way. Quality of life is the sum of all aspects of living conditions of a certain generation. Diversity appears on the one hand between generations and on the other hand by the individual characteristics of the people with regard to their quality of life. Another form of diversity is formed by the spatial perspective; by adding the spatial perspective, in the form of urban-rural dimension, it is possible to highlight new aspects of intergenerational relations and quality of life. In summary, intergenerational diversity through socio-structural and cultural changes, as well as by the change in individual life events and contemporary historical backgrounds are characterized.

Based on demographic analysis, a high proportion of elderly people living in sparsely populated areas, this percentage will rise in the future yet. The empirical analysis was focused on the subjective dimensions of quality of life: material living conditions, living conditions and living environment, infrastructure and mobility, participation and social support, subjective well-being and health. The results presented, that there are systematic, infrastructure-related differences in the subjective dimensions of quality of life. The most interesting result is that the regional differences in population density in most cases, can better explain differences than age-, gender-, or education-related aspects. An exception is health; here clearly age provides a higher effect size, and consequently the level of education. The following disadvantaged groups can be identified: persons living in densely populated areas (in terms of material living conditions and living conditions), in sparsely populated areas (infrastructure and mobility), elderly and those with low education (health), elderly people in sparsely populated areas (infrastructure and mobility), women in densely populated areas (security of the neighbourhood at nightfall). Policy recommendations were formulated for these groups of persons.